You will find in this space articles writen in Basque in this web page and translated into English (PDF). Our aim is to open beyond our community both the article and the discussion about it. So open it, read it, spread it and discuss all you want.
Tarte honetan Lapiko Kritikoan idatzitako hainbat artikuluren itzulpenak aurkituko dituzu ingelesez (PDF). Gure komunitatetik kanpo artikuluak eta haren gaineko eztabaida posibleak irekitzea dute xede. Beraz, ireki, irakurri, zabaldu eta eztabaidatu nahi haina.
En este espacio encontrarás artículos escritos en esta web y traducidos al inglés (PDF). El objetivo es extender más allá de nuestra comunidad los articulos y las posibles discusiones que se puedan dar en él. Abrid, leed, compartid y debatid todo lo que queráis.
* ITZULTZAILEA / TRANSLATOR: Lohitzune Rodriguez (some articles could be writen originally in English)
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LIST OF ARTICLES
Violent pacifism –Andoni Olariaga. Graduate on Philosophy–
Abstract: Lately, a particular pacifist discourse is prevailing in Basque Country, a discourse which, under the disguise of pacifism, has an absolutist form and Catholic Apostolic content. This pacifism is violent, for it wants to impose its morals to others. It claims that in order to advance in the political normalization (in the Basque Country) and since the principle of human dignity stands over everything else, it is nowadays mandatory for everybody in Basque Country to accept, in an absolute way, that nothing justifies the use of violence. In this sense, it preaches an absolute morality that stands on the grounds of an abstract human dignity and carries an absolutist reading of human rights. All this is mixed with a blind admiration about moral and political order.
Keywords: absolutist, violent / imperialist / bourgeoise pacifism, human dignity, ideology.
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Terrorism, State Terror, and the Historical State of Exception: For a Postnational History of Violence in Spain and the Basque Country – Joseba Gabilondo. Michigan State University-
Abstract: Over the last fifteen years (PP 1996), two simultaneous symbolic processes have been taking place in Spain on the issue of Basque terrorism. The Basque radical left party connected with the terrorist group ETA, most commonly known as Batasuna, has been renaming itself ceaselessly and creating new political parties in order to qualify for the different political elections that take place in the Basque County (local, regional, national, European), while the Spanish state has kept challenging the legality of this ceaseless reorganizations of the Basque left on the basis that it retains a trace, a connection, with ETA. Simultaneously, the Spanish government has been actively investigating and negating the involvement of the socialist government of Felipe Gonzalez in the organization of an anti-terrorist group, GAL, which killed members of ETA. This double process is symmetrical and parallel, as both attempt to negate their connection with terrorism and fail in the attempt, thus triggering another round of “symbolization” by which the same traumatic reality is once again unsuccessfully denied.
Keywords: symbolic process, fantasy, terrorism, state violent, ETA.
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The democrats and the violent -Joxe Azurmendi. PhD. in Philosophy-
Keywords: democracy, Mirande, fascism, dogmatism, rationalism.